Project #155046 - Research

General Tutors

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 11/19/2016 09:00 pm

Instructions:  A major skill that is learned in this course is how to critically read and critique nursing research articles.  The purpose for critiquing an article is to critically evaluate the research process followed by the author(s) of the assigned article. This is an information-intensive, time-intensive process that is not learned overnight.   To demonstrate your skill at critiquing an article, you will complete this open-book multiple choice assignment.

Here's how you should approach completing this week’s assignment to finish critiquing an article:

1.  First, do your assigned reading in Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) and complete the reading worksheets early in the week.  This will introduce you to the critique skills you will need for the week.

2.  Skim the entire instructor assigned research article that has been posted on Blackboard for you so that you will have an idea of what it is about.  Lightly cross out the abstract for the article (you won't be using it). Then, for this week, re-read carefully the first half of the article, stopping at the results or “findings” section.

3.  Print this document and find the best answer to each question below based on your Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) assigned reading for the week and what you have read in the instructor assigned research article.

4.  Some of the questions in the critique assignment below will seem unfamiliar to you. Look up key terms from the question in your textbook.  Some examples of these terms might be: power analysis, inter-rater reliability, and generalization. You can also look in Chapter 12 for an example of a critical appraisal (or critique) of a quantitative research article.

5. Once you have completed this assignment “on paper”, go into blackboard and enter your answers by the assignment due date and time listed in the syllabus.  Ignore any wording from Blackboard that indicates that “this is a test” and carefully enter your answers from this document. 

6.  You will have two access attempts to record your answers.  This is given to you so that if you encounter technical difficulties on your first attempt, or you would like a second attempt to try to improve your grade, you may do so.  You will not be able to see the questions that you missed when you submit your attempt.  Blackboard will record the highest grade from the two submissions.

If you have questions about this assignment, you can post them to your group discussion board for help.  Please do not post the exact question from the assignment below and ask the group for the answer as this would constitute academic dishonesty.

 

 

 

 

Questions 1 - 4: Research Problem and Purpose. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 2, 5, and 12)

  1. Which choices below best reflect the problem statement for the instructor-assigned article?

a.       As the complexity of care is climbing, resources are decreasing, and reimbursement is being linked to patient satisfaction.

b.      Burnout is a condition often associated with feelings of hopelessness and inability to perform job duties effectively.

c.       Nurses who are experiencing CF and burnout are too exhausted to provide levels of care that help patients feel satisfied

d.      Few studies were conducted to explore factors that influence the prevalence of CF and burnout on ED nurses

 

 

2.     Which of the choices below best reflects the purpose statement for the instructor assigned article?

a.       To determine the prevalence of CS, CF, and burnout in ED nurses throughout the United States and to determine which demographic and work-related components affect the development of CS, CF, and burnout in this nursing specialty.

b.      Multiple studies have revealed that workplace violence, death or resuscitations of patients, caring for trauma victims, and stressful events that occur frequently in this setting contribute to increased stress in ED workers.

c.       As the complexity of care is climbing, resources are decreasing, and reimbursement is being linked to patient satisfaction.

d.   Teaching family members to provide care for an acutely ill patient promotes feelings of empowerment.

 

3.  According to Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015), which of the following statements are important when considering the significance and relevance of a study’s problem and purpose?  (Select all that apply.)

a.       Does it consider ethical principles in its design?

b.      Does it address nursing research priorities?

c.       Does it influence nursing practice?

d.      Does it identify the population to whom they intend to generalize?

e.      Does it promote theory testing or development?

f.        Does it identify extraneous variables?

      

4.  When considering the feasibility of a study’s problem and purpose, Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) suggest that several areas should be evaluated, including: researcher expertise, money commitment, ethical considerations, and availability of subjects, facilities, and equipment.   Which of the following statements accurately assesses the feasibility of this article? (select all that apply)

a.       Funding sources for the study were identified in the article.

b.      The author’s credentials to design and conduct research are fully described.

c.       Evidence of protection of the subjects’ rights was mentioned in this article.

d.      100% of the eligible subjects contacted participated in the study.

 

Questions 5 - 7: Review of the Literature.  (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 6 & 12.)

5.   According to Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015), which one of the following is NOT a major purpose of the review of literature (ROL):

a.       Describing the current knowledge of the practice problem

b.      Identifying gaps in the knowledge base of the practice problem

c.       Explaining how the current study contributes to the knowledge being built

d.      To explain the reasons behind the selection of the statistics used in the study.

      

6.   Select three MAJOR topics covered in the review of literature (ROL) from the list below:

a.       Hospitalization can result in emotional distress for family members of patients.

b.      Compassion Fatigue (CF) and burnout affect nurse retention, patient safety, and patient satisfaction.

c.       Family-centered care is an approach to delivering health care that emphasizes establishing and sustaining mutually beneficial partnerships between patients, their families, and health care providers.

d.      Nurses who are experiencing CF and burnout are too exhausted to provide levels of care that help patients feel satisfied.

e.      A conceptual framework based on Stamm’s work (2010) describes the individual and

 organizational characteristics to influence CF, CS, and burnout.

                      f.     The ProQOL 5 scale was administered to emergency department nurses.

         

7.  Current knowledge in the review of literature (ROL) (all information included before the “Methods”) is considered to be articles that are within 5 years of the publication date of the article.  This is often assessed by reviewing the citations that are used in the ROL and counting the number that meet this criteria.   Which number below most closely reflects the number of current citations in the ROL? (HINT-start with the year 2015 as the year published in the journal)

a.       0

b.      3

c.       7

d.      12

      

 

Questions 8 - 10: Study Framework. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 7 & 12)

8.   Which of these statements best describes this study’s research framework?

a.       This study has an implicit framework, which is not fully developed.

b.      The authors developed the study’s research framework based on Watson’s Theory of Caring to describe the concept of caring for the self when faced with acute illness.

c.       This study uses a theoretical framework based on “Stamm’s theoretical path analysis diagram…related to CS, CF, and burnout” (2010).

 

9.   What are some of the key concepts in this study’s research framework? (select all that apply)

a.       This study does not have any clearly defined concepts within a framework because it has an implicit framework.

b.      Some work-related variables were level of education, years in the profession, hours works per week.

c.       The authors clearly identify the concepts of the framework in a map or model.

d.      The dependent variables included CS, CF, and burnout.

    

10.   Which one of the statements below is an example of a relational statement from the study or research framework?

a.       One relational statement identified in the review of literature is that Individual and organizational characteristics influence CF, CS, and burnout.

b.      This study does not have any clearly defined relational statements because it has an implicit framework.

c.       The authors clearly identify the relational statements of the framework in a map or model. 

 

Questions 11 – 15:  Research objectives, questions, or hypotheses and research variables. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 5 & 12)

11.   The authors state that one of the research objective, question, or hypothesis was identify ”…the extent that the variables of demographics and work-related characteristics predict the prevalence of developing CS, SF, and burnout in among ED nurses…”  on page 187.  This is best described as a

a.       Research objective

b.      Research question

c.       Research hypothesis

d.      None of the above

      

12.   Which of these would be considered a MAJOR study variable (select all that apply)?

a.       Work-related characteristics

b.      Depression

c.       Compassion Fatigue

d.      Patient vital signs

e.      Burnout

f.        Demographic characteristics

13.   What is the conceptual definition (as defined in the review of the literature) of the following study variable: compassion fatigue

a.       Positive aspect of helping others and personal satisfaction achieved while doing so

b.      ProQol 5, a performance measure of patient satisfaction

c.       Associated with environmental factors in the workplace

d.      Negative consequence of working with numbers of traumatized patients combined with a strong empathetic orientation

 

14.   What is the operational definition (as defined in the methods section) of the following study variable:  burnout.

a.       Positive aspect of helping others and personal satisfaction achieved while doing so

b.      ProQol 5, a survey that includes questions about CS, CF, and burnout

c.       Associated with environmental factors in the workplace

d.      Negative consequence of working with numbers of traumatized patients combined with a strong empathetic orientation

       

15.  Which demographic variables were assessed by the author for this study? (select all that apply)

a.       Age

b.      Education level

c.       Level of trauma center

d.      Marital status

e.      Sex

f.        No demographic variables were assessed by the authors.

 

Questions 16- 19:  Research Design (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 1, 8, & 12)

16.   Which phrase best describes the research design of this study?  (Select the three that apply)

a.       Descriptive

b.      Correlational

c.       Nonexperimental

d.      Quasi-experimental

e.      Experimental

f.        Mixed methods

       

17.    Which phrase best describes the time element of the research design of this study?

a.     Cross-sectional design

b.    Longitudinal design

c.     None of the above

       

18.   Does the study include a treatment or intervention described in the methods section?               

a.   The questionnaire used in the study (ProQOL 5) may be considered a treatment or intervention.

b.   1000 persons were invited to participate in the intervention.

c.   The control group of ICU nurses were also asked to complete the survey.

d.   This study was not designed with a treatment or intervention.

      

19.  Does the author specifically mention that a pilot study was done prior to conducting this study?  (Hint: look at the words “prior to this study”.)

a.  Yes

b.  No

 

20.   The authors indicate on page 189 of the article that the university IRB approved this research project. In addition, anonymity and confidentiality was protected.  Per Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015), which of the following would NOT be considered essential information for informed consent?

 

                a.   a statement of the research purpose and any long-term goals of the study

                b.   a summary of the findings of the review of literature

                c.   an explanation of the procedures to be followed in the study

                d.  an explanation of why the prospective subject is being asked to participate

 

 

 

 

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