Project #155437 - Sociology

Science Tutors

Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 12/15/2016 12:00 am



INSTRUCTIONS:  Select ONE of the four writing options (described below). Be sure to incorporate key concepts, readings and theories to substantiate your arguments and show your understanding of gender within a larger context.


·      The paper should be 5-10 pages of text (not including your reference pages).


·      The format should be double spaced, 1 inch margins, 12-14 font and saved as a Word document (.doc) or as a .PDF file.




Compare the implicit and explicit messages of gender and how the lessons of gender socialization are demonstrated in one of the following (or you may choose your own subject):

·       Girl scouts/ Boy scouts

·       Male and female hygiene products

·       Children’s clothes

·       Children’s toys

·       Domestic violence when the abuser is male/ female

·       Halloween costumes

·       Children’s games

·       Advertising

·       Cartoons

·       Birth control for males and females

·       Sports coverage in the media for males and females

·       Purses and wallets

·       Music videos

·       Leading roles of actors & actresses in TV/ movies

·       Roles in the family

·       Language

Your analysis should look at the gender lessons learned; what gender expectations do we see when looking at this?  How is gender constructed? What happens if the gender norms are not adhered to? Is race, class or culture a factor in these gender norms?  Are any assumptions being made?


A Personal Reflection


In our lives, we’ve all had experiences with gender and all the norms, stereotypes, expectations and challenges it comes with….from job choices to small everyday moments of inequality or aggression to actual violence.  Reflect on a time when you were a child, teenager, adult or parent.  How did gender impact you? 

·       What happened?

·       What messages did you hear? 

·       Was there a time when your felt constrained by traditional gender norms or a moment when you decided to go against the norm?

·       Is it a story from childhood, school, or parenting with your children? Harassment or discrimination at work or school? Violence in your home, in a relationship?

·       What did you do about it?  What do you wish could be different?

·       How has it shaped/ changed you into the person you are today?

·       What new insights do you have on the situation since taking this course?


Your story should capture (at least ONE of the following THREE themes):

1.     Facing/ transforming gender expectations by parents, peers, employers, or cultural messages.

a.      Example:  “I like to dance but my dad always reminded me that boys don’t dance….that’s what girls do.  Boys play sports, throw balls, hit other guys on a field.  I was made to feel like a girl. I was bullied, called a sissy and had my sexuality questioned. I secretly joined a local ballet school and never told anyone. I became really good, I got a lead part in our presentation. Although I had no support at home or school, my dancing was what kept me from killing myself. For ten years, I was constantly told to MAN UP, GROW A PAIR, beat up…by my father, brothers and kids at school. I had been too scared to tell them about my love for ballet, but when I was a senior in HS, I told them I was leaving home after graduation because I had earned a scholarship to be a part of a renowned ballet company.”

2.    Being party to/ intervening in gender based discrimination or violence.

a.      Example:  “In a meeting, it was discussed how a female colleague only got promoted because she was meeting a female quota the company needed to meet.  I sat there, listening and said nothing to defend her talents.  I regret it.”

3.    Conforming or not to gender norms and the outcome.

a.     Example:  “I was always teased about my flat chest….at home, in school, from family, boyfriends and even perfect strangers.  I have never felt like a real woman.  My mother and sisters constantly told me that no man would want me if I didn’t get big boobs. I believed them. This affected my self-esteem or lack thereof and my relationships with men. When I was old enough, I got my breasts enlarged.”







Critically analyze a film (a suggested list has been provided blow, but you are free to use any film you like) for the way it represents and discusses gender.  Be careful that you don’t just summarize the plot or describe the actions and attitudes of the characters.  Your paper should include how the film perpetuates gender roles, norms and stereotypes through its plots and characters.  Remember these messages may be direct, implied, overt or invisible.  Include theories and concepts, with evidence (i.e., readings) and examples to support your arguments.


·       What is the film about (plot)?

·       Who are the characters?

·       What stories of gender are told? Are they effective? Why/ why not.

·       {How} does the main character(s) conform to the gender norms?

·       How do others react?

·       How is gender constructed in the film?

·       Would the film/ story be as effective if it were told gender neutral?  Why/ why not.

·       What happens when someone goes against/ violates the gender norm? Are there any rewards or penalties?

·       How do others react?

·       What lesson is the film providing about gender expectations and the consequences of violating and satisfying those expectations?

·       Would you recommend this film for a SOCY 325 course? Why/ why not.



Suggested films that question gender roles (OR pick your own):

·       The Danish Girl

·       Billy Elliot

·       The Crying Game

·       Girl Fight

·       He’s Having a Baby

·       Mulan

·       Fatma

·       Mr. Mom

·       Year of the Woman

·       A League of Their Own

·       She’s The Man

·       G. I. Jane

·       Million Dollar Baby

·       Juno

·       Kill Bill

·       9 to 5

·       Alien

·       Mean Girls

·       Fight Club

·       Devil Wears Prada

·       Avatar

·       The Bone Collector

·       Girl, Interrupted

·       Benny and Joon

·       Bend it like Beckham

·       Hard Candy

·       Thelma and Louise

·       Erin Brockovich

·       Annie Get Your Gun

·       Ed Wood

·       Some Like it Hot

·       Victor/ Victoria

·       Boys Don’t Cry

·       To Wong Foo…

·       But I’m a Cheerleader

·       Broke Back Mountain

·       Trans America

·       Ma Vie En Rose (My Life in Pink)

·       Pumping Iron II

·       In a Year of 13 Moons

·       Tootsie

·       The New Girlfriend

·       Barbie Boy

·       Zoolander

·       Real Women Have Curves

·       A Boy Names Sue

·       Just Like a Woman

·       Paradise Bent

·       I Spit on Your Grave

·       Buffy The Vampire Slayer





To facilitate your awareness of the significance of gender in the everyday world around you, you must locate 12 items on the following scavenger list. Answer the questions indicated for each item, BUT KEEP IN MIND these questions are intended merely as starting points for your discussion. Your essay should go beyond simply answering the question for each item.  I am especially interested in how you can make sociological sense of the items you found by drawing on the theories, readings and key terms we have read and discussed in class.

Be sure that you use class concepts, theories, and terms in your analysis and that you include the items you located on the list with your paper.  


Scavenger Hunt List

There are a total of 25 items you have to choose from to locate. In addition to locating the item, you must answer the question given with each item AND expand on the discussion to show its relevancy to the study of gender.  In other words, DON’T just answer the simple question in the list, EXPAND!  Go Beyond!


1. A multiple choice question from an exam which makes assumptions about gender roles (i.e., is sexist). What assumptions are being made?

2. A cartoon or cartoon strip with a sexist premise. What assumptions are being made? How do the assumptions make the cartoon funny?

3. A photocopied paragraph from a book or article that is currently being used a college course that uses all masculine pronouns (include the text title, copyright year, and class required for). Why is it written this way?

4. A church bulletin which uses inclusive language (“people,” “his/hers,” in the prayers, responsive readings, announcements). Why is it written this way?

5. Two ads from the personal section of any newspaper: one ad seeking an attractive, pretty, cute, woman, girl, female; and one ad seeking an attractive, handsome, good-looking, man, boy, male (can use any adjectives for physical attractiveness). What are the differences, if any, between the emphasis on physical attractiveness in the ad seeking a woman and the ad seeking a man?

6. Lyrics from a relatively recent (within the past two years) popular song (title and or melody should sound familiar to people of various ages, races, etc.) that depicts a male as a sex object.

(Include artist and title of song.) What is the message of the song, regarding men?

7. A photograph of (or rubbing from) a gravestone that says: “Wife of…”; “Beloved wife of…”. Why are these gravestones more common than those saying “Husband of…” or “Beloved husband of…”?

8. A sexist rule, regulation, or statement in any relatively recent or current document (e.g. housing rules, handbook describing the college, etc.). What is it about the statement that makes it biased?

9. A greeting card congratulating the parents of a new baby that does not specify the sex of the baby. How are the illustrations and colors on the card gender-neutral?

10. From a phone book: 3 listings where a woman’s name is listed first (e.g. Doe, Mary and John).

You can photocopy the listing. Why are these listings less frequent than those in which a male’s name is listed first?

11. A magazine ad in which the woman is taller than the man (both figures should be “normal sized” adults). Why is this the case (e.g., why is the man lower in status than the woman in this ad)?

12. An engagement or wedding announcement that lists the groom’s parents first. Why have brides’ parents’ names traditionally been listed first?

13. A photocopy of the dedication of a book written or edited by a man (or men) to their child(ren). What is the significance of this in terms of gender?

14. Rewrite the Declaration of Independence using inclusive language (not just he/she). How does this change the nature of what is being said?

15. Find a nursery rhyme with a male or female (or both) as the main character(s) and rewrite it to make the character(s) more androgynous. How does this change the images presented in the rhyme?

16. A picture from a department store’s catalog showing children’s clothing with sex-typical pictures on the clothes (e.g., sports, flowers, kittens). Why do parents buy these clothes for their children?

17. A table of contents from a men’s magazine listing an article about male-female relationships (this assumes some kind of emotional commitment). Why are these kinds of articles more rare in men’s magazines than women’s magazines?

18. An Old Maid card (or photocopy of one). What does this card game reveal about our attitudes toward older, single women?

19. A college course catalog listing a men’s studies course. What is the significance of this, in terms of gender?

20. A picture from a hotrod/car magazine showing an attractive young man lounging by/on a car (instead of the usual, ornamental women). What would be a good argument for showing an attractive male instead of an attractive female in this case (if you had to convince the editors of the magazine)?

21. A birthday card for a father that has flowers on it. Why do greeting cards for men usually have dark colors, animals, and outdoorsy stuff on them?

22. A table of contents from a men’s magazine listing a child raising article. What is the significance of this regarding gender?

23. A picture showing male athletes displaying physical affections towards one another. Why is it acceptable for them to be doing this?

24. Lyrics to a country-western song which describes nontraditional gender roles. Why has country-western music portrayed traditional gender roles for so long?

25. The business card of a car saleswoman. Aside from avoiding charges of discrimination, why would it be beneficial to a car dealership to hire a woman to sell cars?







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