Project #156015 - question 1

General Tutors

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 11/27/2016 12:00 am

4 short questions to answer. no format needed or no need to cite work. At least 100 words for each.




Two global societal issues that I would consider for researching further for my Week 5 Final Argumentative essay would be minimum wage and adult illiteracy.  To narrow my topics down to just one I decided to write down information that I knew about each topic.  It turned out that I knew very little about adult illiteracy and more on the topic of minimum wage.  After conducting a search in the Ashford Library for scholarly articles on the minimum wage topic, I found many that were very interesting.  Given the outcome of the current election to raise the minimum wage I decided that I have a substantial interest in this topic, therefore I would like to conduct research to write about the impact of the increase of minimum wage.  

To critically analyze any sources that I may find in my research to determine if they are scholarly and credible I must check the date of the publication to verify that it is current and not outdated.  The second thing I can do is verify the authority of the publication.  In verifying the authority, I will be checking the credentials of the author to make sure they are qualified on the topic.  Finally, I can verify the accuracy of the publication.  In verifying the accuracy, I will be making sure there is evidence to support the publication and that it does not include bias from the author.

When writing a research paper, you must be able to identify your intended audience.  For the purpose of my research paper, my intended audience would be at a college level.  Scholarly sources are written and reviewed by an expert in that topic, therefore they should be used to support your writing.

In conducting my research in the Ashford Library I have found many interesting articles on the subject.   One article discusses the issues of whether or not the fast-food industry can absorb the increase in wages without reducing their workforce.  Pollin & Wicks-Lim “find that the fast-food industry could fully absorb these wage bill increases.” (2016, p1)

Another article discusses the effect of minimum wage and how increases will affect the employment of today’s youth.  Majchrowska, Broniatowska, & Zolkiewski explain that “If the statutory minimum wage exceeds the productivity of individual employees, their employment will become unprofitable.” (2016, p4)


Two global societal issues that interest me are minimum wage and the refugee crises.  I chose these two issues, because I have some knowledge on them, but I know that there is much more to be learned before taking a stance.  I thought that I knew much more until I tried free writing about the topics, and realized that I really did not know that much, and could not pinpoint a credible source for any of the information.  I decided that if I were to choose the refugee crises I would narrow that topic to focus on Syrian refugees in the United States, because a simple Google search revealed a very large amount of information.  It would take a very long time to evaluate each country’s stance as well as economic and other social conditions, therefore narrowing the focus is one country seems like the best route.  When it comes to minimum wage, I would focus on the desire to raise the federal minimum wage in the United States, and the economic effects that go along with an increase on both the state and federal levels. 

The CRAAP model is a great way to evaluate sources for credibility.  CRAAP stands for currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose.  Of course, you want current information, because outdated information is often not accurate, especially for the two topics that I chose.  The information must be relevant to the topic, it must come from a trust source, be accurate, and must exist for a reason, or purpose.  I also have a general rule of thumb that most sites ending in .edu, and .gov are generally trusted, reliable sources.  Finally, if information is from a blog, or similar publications, I research the author to verify their level of expertise.


One article I found interesting regarding minimum wage in the US, examines the pros of adopting state level minimum wages above the federal level (Ford, Minor, & Owens, 2012).  The second article on this topic that interested me refers specifically to the fast food industry’s call for a $15 minimum wage.  The journal introduces a plan that they believe will help to achieve this goal without suffering a loss of jobs (Pollin &Wicks-Lim, 2016).

It is important to use scholarly sources, because these sources are credible, reliable, and help to strengthen the argument considerably.


Ethics is knowing right from wrong, good from bad, these are the personal standards that each person lives by.  Ethics are taught to each person throughout their lives by parents, teachers, peers, religion and cultures.  Personally, it is being honest, trustworthy being a decent person to others that are from other races, or countries.  Academically is doing the work not claiming others work by coping or having others do the work for you.  Professionally, it is giving respect to those that you work with and work for.  Giving credit where it is due and making sure that things are done in the proper way from than taking advantage of others.  

One ethical dilemma that I have encountered was that just happened yesterday.  My son’s social studies teacher had refused to give him his test but gave all the other students in the class their tests.  She made him sit there while the class finished, then kicked him out into the hall. She had set him up to fail her class and told him that he will fail 7th grade.  I went to the school and spoke to the principal about this issue.  This is not morally or ethically right to deny a child the change to pass the class like the other students.  Other students were called down to tell their sides of the story.  These children’s stories matched what my son has that has happened in his class.  This teacher has now confronted with the issue.  There will be a discussion between the teacher and my son.  This needed to be addressed not only for my son but a concern she may be doing it to other children as well.  

General education courses have influenced my values by expanding my knowledge of what I already knew.  Also, building a deeper understand of others ideas and differences.  History class took a deeper consider how we have gotten here and how morals and ethics have changed for people over time.  Cultural Anthropology expanded my knowledge of others ideas and lifestyles. 

College educated people have a responsibility to pass along their knowledge and help to improve society.  It is also not taking advantage of those who are less educated. By continue to educate yourself helps others improve life along with others lives because you are passing along something great rather than taking advantage and tearing people down.  Less than 1% of the population is educated, this makes college graduates a minority. (Beed, n.d.).   It also brings others from around the world together to benefit everyone. 


     Being an ethical and moral person speaks volumes to me about the pure nature of an individual’s own heart which can be recognized by the integrity of one’s own professional and personal behaviors in everyday life.  Being an ethical persons is closely correlated with ultimately doing the right thing in any given situation (Gampel, (n.d.)).  A person who sets clear ethical and moral standards to live by, showing respect for all walks of life, regardless of a person culture, religion, and background, want just fall for anything or do anything contrary to their ethical and moral standings.   As a student adhering to the ethical and moral standards set is the right thing for a student to do.  Because one of the first immediate implications for ethics is that we have a reason to care for one another (human beings) then the relief of that which humans who are suffering and the satisfaction of providing those needs should be a person’s first concern (Newton, 1998).  Having concern for others in need is paramount.  

     An example is once I met a young woman who was crying and distressed over many issues going on in her life.  The young woman was pregnant and crying, which caught my attention.  The young woman wanted to void the baby she was carrying.  Unbeknown to her I am pro-life and manage to convince the young woman to take advantage of other options than aborting the life of her child. I told her the biggest blessing in life is to bring life into this world.  It is better to save a life than to take one.  Give it up for adoption.  Ethical dilemma I am doing is talking to her and being late for work five minutes to help this lady to save a life, today she have a strong handsome son.

     General education courses helps students with identifying their character flaws and the information learned from taking the general education courses can be and should be shared with other.  College students who have been exposed to the pros and cons of ethical and moral reasoning have better judgment and a greater level of fiduciary responsibility to act creating positive externalities by informing and directing others in areas of need, such as job training placement and location, affordable housing, and providing the poor citizens with information regarding the eligibility and qualifications needed for government assistance and/or government transfer programs (Gampel, (n.d.)).  


     General education courses has helped me with solidifying my personal and professional ethical standards of being honest, trustworthy, and a more reasonable individual sting clear standards in which one can live by in peace (Gampel, (n.d.)).  General education courses is a vital tool that educators can use to assist student with developing and complying with the ethical and moral standards set in the workplace, school, and in everyday life; improving students communication skills to succeed.  The Blogxer (2012) states, “education allows people from different nationalities and locations to communicate and work together in beneficial harmony” (para 2).


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