|Due By (Pacific Time)||11/26/2016 11:23 pm|
Conducting research that is associated with fraud or abuse is unethical behavior for the following Code of Ethics principle:
Honesty regarding degrees and credentials and a commitment to lifelong learning reflect professional obligations to:
Promoting the values of autonomy for each individual is ethical behavior for the following Code of Ethics principle:
The core ethical question is:
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), this is a receipt of a financial assistance award for peer-reviewed research. It is called a(n):
This particular form is completed by the proposal reviewer and asks the reviewer to inform the program officer if there are any conflicts of interest based on the area of focus for the grant application. It is called the:
Research objectives and goals for the project are also called?
A graduate student has redesigned a functional, but slow (clunky) clinical decision support system into one that colleagues have described as lightening-fast, non-intrusive, user-friendly, and matching the work-flow and mental processes of clinicians. The graduate student is planning a study involving three nurses, three primary care physicians, three physician assistants, three nurse practitioners, and three surgeons. Should you be concerned about the soundness of your fellow graduate student’s study?
A colleague has suggested that you and she collaborate on the secondary analysis of a data set. She believes that the dissertation data of a previous nursing doctoral candidate could be productively mined. The research question (problem) addressed by the doctoral candidate still exists as the population’s access to electronic resources has not changed since the previous study. Thus, the question, variables, and hypotheses would remain essentially the same – she believes that you and she could contribute to the body of knowledge by improving the statistical analysis of the data set, using the techniques of data mining. What else should you check before committing yourself to this research project?
You are reading the study of a qualitative researcher. You would expect to see discussion of all the following aspects EXCEPT:
You are attempting to understand the implicit rules of a journal to which you may submit a paper. You would consider all of the following aspects EXCEPT:
The researchers knew that the population of physical therapists was compiled of three subgroups: baccalaureate, master’s, and doctoral prepared. They wanted to capture any differing opinions among the three subgroups regarding clinical decision support systems. What type of sample should the researchers select?
To reach their desired number of subjects, the researchers were relying on the early subjects to give them names of additional subjects to recruit. What type of sampling are the researchers performing?
The researchers selected their subjects to represent specific characteristics of the population that the researchers decided were typical and should be included. What type of sampling are the researchers performing?
The researcher chooses the cases—those individuals who have the disease, and compares them to the controls—those without the disease, to determine if the independent variable is more prominent in the cases than in the controls. This is done by looking back in time. Another name for this study is called:
This examines the patterns of disease occurrence in human populations, and the factors that influence these patterns in relation to time, place, and persons. It is called:
In order to understand if a new electronic record is being implemented in the primary care practices of a given health system in a way that meets the needs of the users focus groups are conducted after the pilot implementation in several practices to determine the strengths and weaknesses of the system and what can be done as the implementation moves forward. What kind of evaluation research is being undertaken?
The researchers were developing their research question. You would expect the researchers to be involved in all the following activities EXCEPT:
In which of these research resources would you look for an alphabetized list of summaries of scholarly sources?
Increases in survival time for patients with cancer, reduction of pressure sores in patients using a wheelchair, decrease in the number of adverse events in healthcare facilities that utilize a computerized physician order entry system (CPOE) are all examples of:
It is sometimes difficult for the researcher to prove that the specific independent variable caused the dependent variable without any interference from other factors or events. This is one example of problems with:
The pretest-posttest control group method is when participants are randomly assigned to either the intervention (experimental) or a non-intervention (control) group. However, those participants assigned to the control group may receive a different intervention other than the one under study. Pretests are given to both groups at the same time to assess their similarities and differences. Posttests are given to both groups to determine the effect of the intervention. What is another name for this design?
The data miner explored the data looking for clusters and relationships. From these clusters and relationships, the data miner generated provisional rules. In what type of reasoning is the data miner engaged?
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