Project #156647 - Draft and Final Paper

Science Tutors

Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 12/06/2016 12:00 am

The main hypothesis the final paper is about . . .


Hypothesis Question #3: Is there a correlation between increased GDP and less restrictive internet access policies alongside increased internet connected devices (like smartphones and tablets) in developing states? And if so, does the opposite hold true, is there correlation between decreased GDP and more restrictive internet policies?


The other two lesser (filler) hypothesis:

Hypothesis Question #2: What is the right balance between ideal internet access restriction policies and governmental power distribution structures?

Hypothesis Question #1: Expressly, do states with legitimate state religions have more or less restrictive internet access policies than reasonable secular, separation of church and state states?

Developing Variables and Creating the First Draft

At this point, you have identified a research topic, developed a research question, proposed at least three hypotheses to evaluate your research question, and have identified at least eight sources to begin research.

  1. Select your strongest hypothesis which you believe will answer your research question.
  2. In an effort to answer your research question, create at least three variables (one dependent, two independent) to evaluate the hypothesis. Describe how each of these variables will be measured. (Refer to pages 64-65 in the course text for a review of independent and dependent variables).
  3. Be sure to use references to support your variable development.

Having identified the variables and having provided supporting research, you will now develop the first draft of your Final Research Paper.  

Compose a six- to eight-page draft (excluding title page and bibliography), in APA format, that includes the following components:


  1. Determination of an appropriate hypothesis and description of relevant research
  2. Identification and description of three variables
  3. Explanation of how each variable will be appropriately measured



Leading up to this assignment, I already did an annotated bibliography to go with it, copied and pasted below. 

That this is the draft, I also need help with the actual final paper as well. 



Capstone Research Report in Political Science

This summative assignment is an original research report on a current topic in political science or government.  This research report will be conducted incrementally throughout the course building on several written assignments submitted during the course.  

The goal of this summative assignment is for each student to address a relevant topic and investigate the topic through use of the scientific method and research methodology in order to analyze their research question.  

The research report will be conducted in several distinct steps.

The Final Research Paper should be eight to ten pages in length and utilize at least eight sources; three of which must come from the Ashford Online Library.  

The completed Research Paper must include the following components:

  • Introduction to the topic issue and research question
  • Discussion of the research hypothesis and existing research
  • Discussion of independent variables and dependent variables analyzed with research findings.
  • Analysis of the variables and the outcomes of the research
  • Research conclusions and other areas that may need further research to adequately address the policy problem.

Students must provide a copy of their final bibliography with the Final Paper. The bibliography is not included in the page count.  

Writing the Final Research Paper
The Final Research Paper:

  • Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the APA style guide.
  • Must include a cover page that includes:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must include an introductory paragraph with a succinct thesis statement.
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must conclude with a restatement of the thesis and a conclusion paragraph.
  • Must use at least eight academic resources, including a minimum of three from the Ashford Online Library.
  • Must use APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide to document all sources.





Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Annotated Bibliography


Aaronson, S. (2015). Why Trade Agreements Are Not Setting Information Free: The Lost History and Reinvigorated Debate over Cross-Border Data Flows, Human Rights, and National Security. World Trade Review, 14(4), 671-700. In short, the article discusses the homogeneity of internet glasnost in the modern age with international trade, human rights, and state security against digital trade, the flow of information, digital rights, and nation’s rights on the international stage restricting access to the internet of its own. The idea that information is power—whether it’s allowing information to flow freely, or having enough power to obstruct—renounce—shame by agents of selection—refining—or outright suppression. It works as a source because 1. I wanted to introduce at least one kind of International Relations theory as it’ll relate to economics, commerce, and the world-wide-web—in this case, we’re discussing Constructivism; and 2. strive to put together internet openness with public goods as if it were a resource that can either restrict or grow output and modernism.


Bremmer, I. (November/December, 2010). Democracy in Cyberspace. Foreign Affairs Magazine. Retrieved from The article demonstrates both the pitfalls and advantages of net neutrality in the modern age. Using some developing countries as examples of how societies organize demonstrations to the ends of exacting change for democracies and or shaming authoritative governments globally. Basically, the yin and yang of unconstrained internet access versus restricted access to the internet. 2 - 2 - 1 1. modernism.


The source is relevant in that it uncovers access to the internet, restricted or otherwise, doesn’t necessarily mean that—that access is a recipe for unbridled laissez-faire-free-market capitalism. Taken another way, while not the tip of the spear for all things conquering dogmatic authority in the here and now. There is the very likely possibility the more people are connected; access to the internet will gnaw—grind—wear down—imperiously heavy handed authoritative governments over time. Elder, L. (2013). Connecting ICTs to Development: The IDRC Experience. London: Anthem Press. This book focuses on information communication technologies gains of improving the interests of those less fortunate in the Global South more so now that the digital commons has become commonplace. Bridging the gap connecting the internet—no pun intended—to development, especially regarding mobile phones. From which, an accelerated boon of resources at a fraction of the cost of most small-ish countries’ infrastructures This is the source that illustrates how the internet helps speed burgeoning states’ development up, so long as they’ve advanced technology wise.


Mackinnon, R. (2013). Consent of the Networked: The World-Wide Struggle for Internet Freedom. New York: Basic Books. This book goes into great detail the how’s and why’s regarding who controls the internet. What’s likely to happen in the near future if left unchecked and what that means. Something I hadn’t thought about from developing countries end, is how our copyright and trademark protections—often seen as excessive, could hamper economic development. Also the concept of the internet as a sort of—kind of citizens commons within the realm of the greater good for mankind overall and sharing space with both 3 - 3 - 1 1. infrastructures This should be good the commercial and private sectors in a day and age where quite a few developing states are struggling to control these spaces more while at the same time, citizens are increasingly depending on them. This article sources why internet markets ought to be neutral and how people who’re from developing—poor, authoritarian/semi-authoritarian, are the fastest growing demographic amongst access to the internet—and that that demographic will help drive the future of the internet.


McChesney, R. (2013, April). How Capitalism Conquered the Internet. In These Times, 37(4), 28. Basically, this paper is about the trials and tribulations of capitalism in the modern age, but with a ‘advances in information technology’ twist. Citing Wikileaks as the raison d'etre for all things holding those in power accountable in the face of those who’re in power—don’t like it when the system—the very same system that’s in place that’s seen them put into power—is questioned. So—there’s something to be said for developing countries not under the same microscope —or being held to the same standards. All things being equal, there’s not enough Earths to go around for the developing countries’ newly minted ‘internet savvy’ citizens. Maybe increases in GDP isn’t such a good idea after all? I need counterarguments, and this paper sets out to do such a thing. Schiller, D. (2014). Digital Depression: Information Technology and Economic Crisis. Urbana, Chicago: University of Illinois Press. The shaping of information technologies and networks and versus net neutrality, states and their governments acting in their own best interests notwithstanding capitalism on a global scale in the midst of a global recession. A sort of—kind of play on what capitalism ought to do if ‘if X is ______, then Y must 4 - 4 - [no notes on this page] be _______’ but from a point-of-view of in the here and now, technological advances sways political global economy by agents of exploitation, inequality, and a dash of old school hyperreal sensationalism. Why the book is relevant is because of its ‘developing countries makes up 62% of the world’s internet users’ stats. Also its three hundred and thirty-one billion dollars’ worth of technology investments in ‘developing countries figures ought to be useful. How much of it is all owed to multilateral large corporations taking advantage of smaller unstable, more malleable governments might be discoverable.


Schmidt, E. & Cohen, J. (November/December, 2010). The Digital Disruption: Connectivity and the Diffusion of Power. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from This article speaks to how the world’s population communicates and the consequences of such a thing. Specifically, that there are over two billion people with access to the internet. Also, the article provides a brief, but informative historical narrative of dissemination of information to the masses. It’s the transition of developing states from being not necessarily connected, to partially connected, then fully connected and what it all means that makes it relevant source material. What the article does well source wise, is that it makes the point about cell technologies and online banking in regions where inexpensive banking is otherwise scarce or nonexistent. And as technologies advance, it’s not necessarily the governments that’re taking advantage, but instead the populace are using those technologies to fill in the gaps where the government is lagging behind or outright inept. 5 - 5 - 1 1. Connectivity and Good APA on all these. 6 - 6 - [no notes on this page]


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