|Due By (Pacific Time)||12/12/2016 11:30 am|
This exam consists of a total of five (5) item prompts. All answers require a type-written response. Some chapters offer you, the examinee, options as to what questions to answer.
For each response, be certain to be complete in your response. Some items contain more than one question. Be certain to answer each question posed. Other items ask for a definition and subsequent discussion or description. Do not be stingy with your words.
When finished, you will have a total of five responses. Clearly label each response.
Save your work and keep a copy for your records. Email me the completed exam no later than 12 midnight, Monday, December 13, 2016.
Adaptive Mind - Memory
OPTION: Select from item 1a or 1b. Read the prompt thoroughly and write a complete response. Do not respond to both questions.
1a. Psychologists have found that human memory involves three processes: encoding information into memory, storing information in memory, and retrieving information from memory. Psychologists have also identified specific strategies to help people encode, store, and retrieve information. How can this research help you study for this class more efficiently? What strategies could help you encode and store information in your memory as you study? What strategies could help you retrieve this information when you take a test?
In a multi-paragraph essay, describe how you could use specific memory strategies to improve your study skills. Be sure to explain how each strategy will improve how you encode, store, or retrieve information in memory. Include details from class materials, readings, and research on memory to support your discussion.
1b. Current research is revealing new relationships between sleep and memory formation. Discuss prior views and current research regarding the role of sleep. How might this apply to your own preparation for exams?
The Thinking Mind
OPTION: Select from item 2a or 2b. Read the prompt thoroughly and write a complete response. Do not respond to both questions.
2a. Describe the results of the research study on whether groups of people working together have a collective intelligence (Woolley, Chabris, Pentland, Hashmi, & Malone, 2010). What factors contributed (or detracted) from the group’s collective intelligence?
Briefly discuss a situation in which you worked on a group project at work, school, or within your family. In what ways did your experience reflect the research findings? How was the experience dissimilar?
2b. Define language and discuss its importance to human thought, communications, and interactions. Describe Whorf’s hypothesis of linguistic relativity and its implications.
The Feeling Mind
ANSWER PROMPT #3 - No option
3. Define adolescence and puberty. What is the endpoint of adolescence? Discuss why adolescence seems to be starting earlier and ending later than in the past.
ANSWER PROMPT #4 - No option
4. Psychologists like Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson theorized that humans go through stages in their development throughout life, growing from infancy to old age. Piaget outlined stages of thinking or cognitive development, and Erikson described stages of personality or psychosocial development. How can you use this information to better understand your own life? What stages of cognitive and psychosocial development have you gone through since you were an infant? Which stages will you go through as you develop into adulthood and old age?
In a multi-paragraph essay, describe all the different stages of cognitive and psychosocial development throughout your life span. Be sure to provide examples to illustrate the thoughts, emotions, and behavior typical of each stage. Include details from class materials, readings, and research on human development to support your discussion.
The Individual Mind & the Connected Mind
OPTION: Select from item 5a or 5b. Read the prompt thoroughly and write a complete response. Do not respond to both questions.
5a. Psychologists have identified five main personality traits, often called the “Big Five” or the five-trait model. Think about the “Big Five” personality traits we studied in class. Then select a real or fictional character from literature, film, television, or public life. How could the “Big Five” model be used to understand the character’s personality?
In a multi-paragraph essay, explain what is meant by a “personality trait” according to the “Big Five” model, define each of the “Big Five” traits, and describe the character’s personality using the “Big Five” traits. For each trait, be sure to provide evidence from the character’s thoughts, emotions, and behavior. Include details from class materials, readings, and research on personality to support your discussion.
5b. Social psychologists like Solomon Asch have studied the conditions that affect how people act in group situations, especially the ways in which people conform to the attitudes and behavior of others. Drawing on your personal experience, think of a situation in which you either did or did not conform to the attitudes and behavior of others in a group.
In a multi-paragraph essay, describe the situation and discuss the factors that influenced you to conform or not conform. Be sure to include information from class materials, readings, and research on group conformity to support your discussion.
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