Project #161786 - PSY 100 Homework 2

General Tutors

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 12/30/2016 12:00 am

Q1. ____ involves the actions one takes to sustain the desirable qualities of a relationship.
    a. Social exchange
    b. Relationship maintenance
    c. Reciprocity
    d. Attribution

Q2. Which of the following refers to the fact that we tend to like others who like us?
    a. proximity liking
    b. reciprocal liking
    c. matching hypothesis
    d. social exchange theory

Q3. Which of the following is the most accurate statement regarding gender and e-mail communications?
    a. Men and women are equally likely to discuss personal issues via e-mail.
    b. Men and women are equally likely to focus on activities via e-mail as opposed to personal issues.
    c. The gender differences associated with other forms of communication also appear in research on e-mail communication patterns.
    d. Men are more likely to focus on personal problems and women are more likely to focus on activities in their communication via e-mail.

Q4. Individuals who suffer from chronic loneliness are likely to have a self-defeating attributional style characterized by attributing their loneliness to
    a. stable, internal causes.
    b. stable, external causes.
    c. unstable, internal causes.
    d. unstable, external causes.

Q5. Adults who are obsessed and preoccupied with their relationships would be considered as belonging to which of the following categories?
    a. secure
    b. avoidant
    c. inconsistent
    d. anxious-ambivalent

Q6. The parental investment model helps to explain why
    a. men are more 'picky' in selecting a mate.
    b. women are more 'picky' in selecting a mate.
    c. women fall in love more easily than men.
    d. women hold more romantic beliefs than men.

Q7. Who is more likely to embrace the success ethic as part of masculinity?
    a. only males older than 58
    b. all males older than 38
    c. only males 18-37
    d. Males of all ages embrace the success ethic equally.

Q8. Remaining cool and calm under pressure is characteristic of which of the following elements of the traditional male role?
    a. sexuality
    b. achievement
    c. aggression
    d. stoicism

Q9. The two major divisions of the largest portion of the brain are the
    a. frontal lobes.
    b. parietal lobes.
    c. cerebral hemispheres.
    d. verbal brain and the spatial brain.

Q10. In general, higher intelligence and grades are associated with higher career aspirations, but this is less likely to hold true for girls than for boys. This finding illustrates which of the following concepts?
    a. reproductive fitness
    b. heterosexual success
    c. economic discrimination
    d. the ability-achievement gap

Q11. Genuine, documented gender differences in behavior
    a. tell us nothing about specific individuals.
    b. tell us a great deal about specific individuals.
    c. permit very accurate predictions about individuals.
    d. permit only very general predictions about individuals.

Q12. An intense fear and intolerance of homosexuality is called
    a. sexism.
    b. homophobia.
    c. heterophobia.
    d. cross-gender typing.

Q13. Women are most likely to hold which of the following jobs?
    a. clergy
    b. physician
    c. college teacher
    d. kindergarten teacher

Q14. Research on gender differences in mathematical ability indicates that
    a. girls are more precocious than boys in mathematics.
    b. boys generally do better than girls on mathematical analogies.
    c. girls outperform boys at the high end of the mathematical ability distribution.
    d. boys outperform girls in mathematical problem-solving when they reach high school.

Q15. Cultural expectations about what is appropriate for each gender are called
    a. display rules.
    b. gender roles.
    c. primary sex characteristics.
    d. secondary sex characteristics.

Q16. Sexual harassment does not usually cause a stressful work environment.
    a. true
    b. false

Q17. Marti used to enjoy her job, but recently she has been performing poorly, feeling exhausted and cynical. Marti may have
    a. anxiety.
    b. burnout.
    c. low decision control.
    d. demand.

Q18. Leaving the labor force, even if for increasingly brief periods of time, is called
    a. overemployment.
    b. labor force discontinuity.
    c. token employment.
    d. re-employment disclamation.

Q19. Interventions at the ____ are the most widely used strategy for managing work-related stress.
    a. individual level
    b. organizational level
    c. family-organizational interface
    d. individual-organizational interface

Q20. The results of an occupational interest inventory are designed to
    a. predict whether you would be successful in various jobs.
    b. focus on recommendations for the career path you should follow.
    c. indicate how similar your interests are to the typical interests of people in various jobs.
    d. indicate whether your interests are consistent with job descriptions included in the Dictionary of Occupational Titles.

Q21. Which of the following statements about workaholism is not true?
    a. Psychologists are not in agreement about how harmful workaholism is.
    b. It is one of the most well researched areas in I/O psychology.
    c. There are enthusiastic and non-enthusiastic workaholics.
    d. There are certain organizational climate features that promote workaholism.

Q22. ____ is the study of human behavior in the workplace.
    a. Workforce psychology
    b. Industrial/organizational psychology
    c. Career-work environment psychology
    d. Business psychology

Q23. Which of the following statements regarding gender bias on occupational interest inventories is accurate?
    a. There is no evidence of gender bias on these inventories.
    b. Gender bias existed in the past, but it has been eliminated.
    c. Gender bias exists, but only for African American women.
    d. Gender bias has been reduced, but it has not been eliminated.

Q24. Western Europeans tend to have more vacation time than Americans.
    a. true
    b. false

Q25. In one study, Karasek found more symptoms of heart disease among men whose jobs were ____ in psychological demands and ____ in decision control.
    a. low; low
    b. high; high
    c. low; high
    d. high; low

 

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