Project #161818 - PSY 100 Homework 3

General Tutors

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 12/31/2016 12:00 am

Q1. The DSM classification system is said to be 'multiaxial'. This means that the system
    a. permits multiple diagnoses of a single individual.
    b. allows many different potential methods of diagnosing people.
    c. asks for judgments about individuals on a number of distinct dimensions.
    d. recognizes that people can be considered both normal and abnormal at the same time.

Q2. People with unipolar disorders experience ____; people with bipolar disorders experience ____.
    a. alternating periods of depression and mania; mania only
    b. depression only; alternating periods of depression and mania
    c. mania only; alternating periods of depression and mania
    d. alternating periods of depression and mania; depression and mania simultaneously

Q3. The two basic types of mood disorders are
    a. major and minor.
    b. somatoform and cognitive.
    c. unipolar and bipolar.
    d. disruptive and non-disruptive.

Q4. Which of the following statements regarding the definition of abnormal behavior is not accurate?
    a. Everyone acts in deviant ways once in a while.
    b. It is often difficult to draw a line that clearly separates normality from abnormality.
    c. People are judged to have psychological disorders only when their behavior becomes extremely deviant, maladaptive, or distressing.
    d. For the most part, people with psychological disorders behave in bizarre ways that are very different from the behavior of normal people.

Q5. Compulsion is to 'action' as obsession is to
    a. fear.
    b. thought.
    c. emotion.
    d. behavior.

Q6. ____ involves habitually engaging in out-of-control overeating followed by unhealthy compensatory efforts, such as self-induced vomiting and excessive exercise.
    a. Amenorrhea
    b. Osteoporosis
    c. Bulimia nervosa
    d. Anorexia nervosa

Q7. In ____ disorders, people show persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure.
    a. manic
    b. phobic
    c. depressive
    d. conversion

Q8. Sarah hears voices that tell her to shoot Dr. Laura. She is experiencing
    a. delusions.
    b. compulsions.
    c. a phobic reaction.
    d. hallucinations.

Q9. The fear of snakes and spiders is very common in people. Seligman (1971) would probably explain this with the idea of
    a. experience.
    b. learning history.
    c. ego comparison history.
    d. preparedness.

Q10. Which of the following statements best reflects the relationship between stress and anxiety disorders?
    a. High stress may help precipitate the onset of anxiety disorders.
    b. People with anxiety disorders tend to be unaffected by stress.
    c. The relationship between stress and anxiety disorders is largely a myth.
    d. Stress appears to exert its influence on the severity, rather than the onset, of anxiety disorders.

Q11. The current DSM uses a system of classification that asks for judgments about individuals on five separate dimensions. This approach is termed a ____ system.
    a. multiaxial
    b. dimensional
    c. statistical
    d. multi-tasking

Q12. The fear of snakes and spiders is very common in people. Seligman (1971) would probably explain this with the idea of
    a. experience.
    b. learning history.
    c. ego comparison history.
    d. preparedness.

Q13. The third step in the process of systematic desensitization is to
    a. train the client in muscle relaxation.
    b. help the client build an anxiety hierarchy.
    c. have the client works though the hierarchy and try to remain relaxed.
    d. expose the client to mild anxiety-arousing stimuli.

Q14. Traditionally, biomedical therapies are usually provided by
    a. counselors.
    b. psychiatrists.
    c. psychologists.
    d. social workers.

Q15. Psychoanalysis is a therapy that emphasizes
    a. self-fulfillment.
    b. behavioral intervention.
    c. self-concept congruency.
    d. unconscious conflict.

Q16. According to the client-centered approach to therapy, personal distress and neurotic anxieties are usually caused by
    a. conflicts centering on sex.
    b. conflicts centering on psychosocial issues.
    c. incongruence between self-concept and reality.
    d. maladaptive habits that have been previously reinforced.

Q17. The two most common problems among those who seek psychotherapy are
    a. loneliness and phobias.
    b. excessive anxiety and depression.
    c. low self-esteem and irrational thinking.
    d. marital conflict and a sense of loneliness.

Q18. Unconditional positive regard is one of the keys to cognitive therapy.
    a. true
    b. false

Q19. Freud believed that neurotic problems were caused by
    a. unconscious conflicts left over from childhood.
    b. recurring self-defeating behaviors.
    c. conscious conflicts with significant others.
    d. learned behaviors that become established early in life.

Q20. In their provision of therapy, psychiatrists tend to emphasize ____ treatments.
    a. group
    b. behavioral
    c. biomedical
    d. humanistic

Q21. The goal of cognitive therapy is to
    a. identify unconscious needs and desires through free association.
    b. recognize and change negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs.
    c. help clients think about how therapy might help them.
    d. help clients learn how to be of help to others in need of therapy.

Q22. Which of the following has been treated successfully with aversion therapy?
    a. schizophrenia
    b. alcohol dependence
    c. dissociative identity disorder
    d. obsessive-compulsive disorder

Q23. ____ are unconscious defense maneuvers intended to hinder the progress of therapy.
    a. Resistance
    b. Transference
    c. Interpretation linkage
    d. Free association linkage

Q24. All but which of the following is a most widely cited common factor at the core of various therapies?
    a. an alliance with a professional helper
    b. emotional support and empathy from the therapist
    c. plausible methods for alleviating problems
    d. adjusting to old patterns of behavior

Q25. Prozac, which is commonly used to treat depression, belongs to a class of antidepressants called
    a. diazepam.
    b. MAO inhibitors.
    c. atypical antidepressants.
    d. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.


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