Project #161847 - PICO analysis of dementia, delirium, and depression

Medicine Tutors

Subject Medicine
Due By (Pacific Time) 01/06/2017 12:00 pm

Wk6Assignment1Directions

 

Assignment 1: Application – PICO Analysis of Dementia, Delirium, and Depression

A PICO analysis is used to pose a focused clinical question to which you find appropriate evidence-based answers. The PICO question should include the patient or population (P), anticipated intervention (I), comparison group or current standard (C), and outcome desired (O). In this Assignment, you develop a question related to dementia, delirium, or depression. Through your PICO analysis, you explore various resources and examine current evidence to answer the question you develop.

 

To prepare:

 

·       Select one of the following disorders as your topic: dementia, delirium, or depression.

·       Review the guidelines in the “Literature Review Matrix” document in this week’s Learning Resources.

·       Think about a research question around your issue as indicated in Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic.

·       Consider the resources you will use, search terms and criteria, and Boolean search strings as indicated in Part II: Search Strategy.

·       Using the Walden Library and other appropriate databases, locate five articles related to your PICO question. At least one article must be a systematic review. All of the articles should be primary sources.

·       Reflect on the five articles you selected as indicated in Part III: Analysis of Literature. Consider the conceptual framework/theory, main finding, research method, strengths of study, weaknesses, and level of evidence for each article.

·       Consider how to use the summaries in Part III to create an evidence table. Use this evidence table to determine appropriate treatment options for patients who present with the disorder you selected as your topic.

 

To complete:

·       Formulate a question around the disorder you selected as indicated in Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic.

·       Identify the resources you will use, search terms and criteria, and Boolean search strings as indicated in Part II: Search Strategy.

·       Summarize the five articles you selected as indicated in Part III: Analysis of Literature. Describe the conceptual framework/theory, main finding, research method, strengths of study, weaknesses, and level of evidence for each article.

·       Create an evidence table based on the article summaries in Part III. Describe appropriate treatment options for patients based on this evidence table.

 

Literature Review Matrix

 

 

Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic

 

P: Patient or Population

 

I: Anticipated Intervention

 

C: Comparison group or Current standard

 

O: Outcome desired

 

Source: Adapted from Elkins (2010)

 

Step 1: Frame your clinical question using the PICO method.

 

P:

 

I:

 

C:

 

O:

 

Part II: Search Strategy

 

Using the Walden Library and other appropriate databases, locate five scholarly articles that pertain to a practice issue of interest to you and that is appropriate for an evidence-based practice project.

 

Step 1: Identify the resources you will utilize, or utilized, to find articles that pertain to your topic.


 

Electronic Databases

Research or Professional Organizations

Experts in the Field to Consult

Books, Encyclopedias, Handbooks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 2: Identify search terms and criteria.

 

Keywords and Phrases

 

Major Authors

Inclusion Criteria

Exclusion Criteria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 3: Identify Boolean search strings.

 

 

 


Part III: Analysis of Literature

 

Step 1: Summarize the five articles you select from your search efforts in the table below.

 

Summary Table of Analyzed Articles (you may determine your own headings)

 

Citation

Conceptual Framework/ Theory

Main Finding

Research Method

Strengths of Study

Weaknesses

Level of Evidence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 2: Briefly summarize the history and purpose of your research question.

 

 

 

 

Step 3: Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the existing literature.

 

Strengths

 

Weaknesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 4: What gap exists in the current literature? Explain.

 

Elkins, M. Y. (2010). Using PICO and the brief report to answer clinical questions. Nursing, 40(4), 59–60.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

 

 

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