Project #162119 - Logical Fallacies

English Tutors

Subject English
Due By (Pacific Time) 01/07/2017 12:00 am

Here is the list of logical fallacies  
Logical Fallacies
 
The following are logical fallacies commonly found in persuasive arguments. They are to be avoided in your own writing.
 
Appealing to Pity (making the reader agree because they feel sorry for you --or someone else--, rather than because they agree with your logic)
Appealing to Prejudice (Basing your argument on a race, gender, sexual orientation or ethnic prejudice: “All women are bad drivers; therefore women shouldn’t be given licenses.”)
Appealing to Tradition (It’s always been done this way; therefore it should continue to be done so.  “We’ve never had a woman president; therefore we should never have one.)
False analogy (Comparing two things to make your argument where the situations aren’t comparable. Comparing being deaf to being a quadriplegic because they are both labelled “disabilities.”)
Ad hominem (attacking character) aka Straw Man (That politician was a bad husband; therefore all his political policies are wrong.)
False causes (Attributing the wrong reason to explain something that happened. “The teacher didn’t call on me today; therefore she doesn’t like me.” Aka “post hoc ergo propter hoc.””After this, therefore because of this.” Assumes that correlation implies causation.
Guilt by association (Unfairly grouping people. “All ‘those people’ are like that.”)
Begging the question (a circular argument where the answer is just a restatement of the question without answering it. “You should drive on the right side of the road because that is what the law says, and the law is the law.”
Equivocating (Playing fast and loose with a word’s definition to suit your side: i.e. “victim” “justice”)
Ignoring the Question (watch any political debate)
Jumping to Conclusions (strong on opinion but weak on evidence)
Slippery slope—one step will lead to a terrible end. (If you take a puff of a cigarette, you will become a drug addict.)
Presenting a False Dilemma— one item not true doesn’t necessarily mean the other is: (You’re either from the moral majority religious right or you are an atheist)
 
 
Article Link : http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1422859/posts
 
Instruction : 

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