Subject | General |

Due By (Pacific Time) | 01/11/2017 12:00 am |

*I uploaded a file of how the instructor will grade the paper.

By **Wednesday, January 11, 2017**, please respond to **one** of the questions below. Read about and research your question using your textbook, the online lectures, and scholarly Web sites. Try to look at all sides of the problem and at different approaches. Paraphrase the key information, citing your sources. Demonstrate that you understand all the key terms and subject-specific vocabulary in the question as you answer the question.

Reply to at least two other students by the end of the week. Try to respond to any students or the professor who asks questions of you. When replying to one another it is best to paraphrase their response, showing that you understood what they posted (e.g., "As I understand you, Mary, you are saying . . ."); then compare and contrast your answer, research and/or ideas on the matter, doing extra research as needed and offering new information; then end with a probing question about your classmate's ideas that you would like them to answer (this should not be a yes/no type question, but a how/why/what type question). ***I'll message you the questions as soon as when it shows.**

When posting, please remember to always reserve the first line of your post for a title of six words or less that captures the core ideas or message of your posting—even when you are replying to someone.

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZBxE0y7b464&feature=youtu.be

Question 1:

What is the difference, if any, between the quality of the following arguments:

1) Rembrandt lived from 1606 to 1669;

Therefore 2) all his paintings were done between 1606 and 1669.

3) I have a painting that was created in 1647;

Therefore 4) It is one Rembrandt painted.

1) Rembrandt lived from 1606 to 1669;

Therefore 2) all his paintings were done between 1606 and 1669.

5) I have a painting that was created in 1681;

Therefore 6) It is not one of Rembrandt's paintings.

1) Rembrandt lived from 1606 to 1669;

Therefore 2) all his paintings were done between 1606 and 1669.

7) The National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC has Rembrandt's painting, *The Mill*;

Therefore 8) that painting was painted before 1670.

1) Rembrandt lived from 1606 to 1669;

Therefore 2) all his paintings were done between 1606 and 1669.

9) The Louvre has a painting done by Rembrandt in 1654, often referred to as *Bathsheba with King David's Letter*;

10) Therefore it is a nude.

Quetion 2:

The following contains a simple argument. First, identify the premises and conclusion. Second, discuss what it means for an argument to be valid or invalid in logic. Third, prove that this argument is invalid – assuming that it is – using the counterexample method. Fourth, explain how your counterexample proves that this argument is invalid.

“If it is raining, I will buy an umbrella. I bought an umbrella. Consequently, it must be raining.”

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