Project #195949 - Literature (Culture and Theory)

General Tutors

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 08/11/2017 05:00 am

Degree: Comparative Literature (important for analysis style - need to use different genres and multinational opinions/sources)

Class: Undestanding Culture: An Introduction to Culural Theory

need an A+



QUESTION CHOSEN: 6) Is there a justification for the division between high and popular culture? Answer with reference to the history of the problem and to present-day realities.

(possible alternative only if easier to get A+: 8. Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalisation on culture. )

GUIDELINES: the length of the essay should be 3,600 words (or up to 10% shorter, i.e. no less than 3,240 words)




WRITE A 3600 long essay and a separately graded 400 word (exactly) essay plan.

(the essay plan can be optional - I can do it myself)

(A sample essay plan will be copied not attached because of file limit. will copy paste below!)

It is required to use secondary sources for essay. Aim for quality over quantity (i.e. make sure that your sources are of an appropriate academic standard, and that they are useful to your argument; do not put them in just for the sake of it!).



(Note from me: make sure analysis is university level depth and there are enough direct references to the text. Please use clear english - need an A+ )


Please ask me for correct format and biliography and referencing slides! am graded on this too. It is not too difficult to follow. I will send all relevant notes and helpful information once I have been messaged or have awarded the project. thank you!

(Note: The essay needs to have lots of references, have original ideas and very good use of language/intellect)



sent mostly by e-mail and some wlll be attached here e.g. a sample essay plan etc..


Thank you very much!


I welcome questions and please message me if you need anything anytime during the process! (Also I will post both basic main powerpoints on both topic/essay questions above to show the different options and possibilities.)





Essay Plan Sample


Question: Is culture always ideological?

Marx defines ideology as a camera obscura that inverts the reality of social relations and in turn our cultural values are shaped by this ideology. The superstructure perpetuates ideology, specifically the ruling elite such as educators, the clergy, and political leaders, thus keeping the base, the proletariat, understanding the world through a false lens. In this paper, I will argue that Marx’s view of culture is too narrow and that culture is not always ideological in the sense that Marx defines it. While there is truth in his assertion, it does not necessarily mean all culture is prey to the ideological inversion he suggests. Instead, using Gramsci’s view of cultural ideology, I will argue that the various forms of cultural ideology are negotiated between dominant and subordinate groups rather than just determined by the dominant group.

In The German Ideology, Marx writes that “the ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas and the class which rules the material force also rules the intellectual force.”1 This means that, in Marx’s view, the ruling class of any society are the ones who own the means of production, capital, and that they rule the ideas of any given society. This however does not represent society as a whole. As Marx writes, “each new class which puts itself in place of one ruling before it, is compelled, merely in order to represent its aim, to represent its interests as the common interests of every member of society.”2 Why is this ideology? Because the ruling class, according to Marx, are presenting the ideas that serve their own interests as the ideas that represent everyone.

Gramsci on the other hand, argued that instead of there being only one superstructure, the ruling class and the working class, there were two levels of superstructure in culture, political society, and civil society. In his Prison Notebooks, Gramsci suggested that political society achieves dominance through direct means of domination whereas civil society only reproduces this dominance by consenting to the general direction imposed upon social life by the ruling group. Gramsci’s view suggests that culture is negotiated by a relationship between the political society and the civil society and therefore not always ideological. This paper will critique Marx’s narrow view of culture as always ideological by exploring Gramsci’s more nuanced notion of culture as a negotiation between political and civil society.

1 Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, The German Ideology (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1970), 64–66. 2 Marx and Engels, German Ideology, 64-66. 


out of 1971 reviews

out of 766 reviews

out of 1164 reviews

out of 721 reviews

out of 1600 reviews

out of 770 reviews

out of 766 reviews

out of 680 reviews