|Due By (Pacific Time)
||08/09/2017 11:30 pm
Step 1: Read Article II of the U.S. Constitution (in back of We the People)
Step 2: List the two clauses from Article II that you think seem to give the President a great deal of power.
Step 3: Read We The People - Chapter 10 (Presidency in some texts the chapter may be 13)
Step 4: Answer the following questions.
1. From Article II, what are the powers of the President?
2. From WTP - What is a delegated power? Give an example of a power that Congress has delegated to the President.
3. How does Congress delegate powers to the President?
4. What is the difference between executive power and legislative power?
5. Of the President’s institutional sources of power, which one seems like it would give the President the most power? Why?
6. How do Presidents change laws and control the government without Congressional action?
Step 5: Watch the video - an excerpt from Barack Obama’s State of the Union speech in January 2013: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ADTkUinAVg.
Step 6: Answer the following questions:
1. The president addresses both chambers of Congress every January and usually reviews his issue agenda during the speech. Seated directly behind the president during the address are the vice-president and Speaker of the House. Watch Vice-President Joe Biden and Speaker of the House John Boehner (R-OH) during the clip. Describe their reactions. Additionally, do you notice about the audience applause around the 1:00 mark? What do these two reactions tell us about climate change?
2. What did Barack Obama promise if Congress continued to be inefficient in creating climate change legislation? What types of solutions does he propose? If a President can take these actions in the executive branch, why do you think he would he encourage Congress to act first?
3. How is the State of the Union address a power? In other words, what advantages does it give the President?
Step 7: Read my presentation here: (This is a draft but has the info you need if you start on the assignment now)- Presidency Presentation.pptx
Step 8: Answer the following questions
- What advantages does the President have over Congress in the areas of foreign affairs and intelligence?
- How does Congress try to limit the President's power in both domestic and foreign affairs?
3. How long did it take Congress to limit the President/executive branch use of torture? Are we sure that torture has been stopped by U.S. officials?
4. Why might it be easier for Congress to control what the President is able to do in domestic affairs?
Step 9: Go to this website and read the recommendations to former President Obama https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/open-government/report/2010/11/16/8658/the-power-of-the-president/
Step 10: Answer the following question:
1. This website describes the executive powers of a President and what might be done without Congressional support (because of divided Congress). Through the "take care clause" and being the head of the executive responsible for implementing the laws, the President has a certain amount of discretion about how to direct the bureaucracy/executive branch. From the website give an example of something that seems like a significant power, and second give an example of a trivial power.
Step 11: Visit this database of presidential executive orders: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/executive_orders.php?year=2014&Submit=DISPLAY.
Step 12: Answer the following questions
1. According to the chapter, what is the purpose of an executive order?
2. Barack Obama held the presidency between 2009 and 2016. Search through the database of executive orders. How many executive orders did BarackObama pass dealing specifically with environmental issues?
3. Look at one executive order in this area. What is the number and title? Does it seem to apply to a specific problem or a broad one?